About RsyncOSX

Before installing and using RsyncOSX there are some important information to read and understand. The first document is how to get and install RsyncOSX. The second document is some information what RsyncOSX is and how to use the application. Please read the second document before using RsyncOSX.

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First time start RsyncGUI

This page is a short guide what to do when first start of RsyncGUI, the App Store version (Sandboxed) of RsyncOSX. For more details about the various functions of RsyncGUI please see the documentation (RsyncOSX) about each function. Also be sure you understand the basics (RsyncOSX) about how rsync works before using RsyncGUI and rsync.

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A short intro to RsyncGUI

This page is a short intro to RsyncGUI, the App Store version (Sandboxed) of RsyncOSX. For more details about the various functions of RsyncGUI please see the documentation (RsyncOSX) about each function. Also be sure you understand the basics (RsyncOSX) about how rsync works before using RsyncGUI and rsync.

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A short intro to RsyncOSX

All configurations to execute are listed in table. From the Execute view most actions (edit configurations, adding parameters to rsync, delete configurations) regarding configurations are executed.

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Verify and changed files

The view is depended upon selecting a row in Execute view. When the row is selected the numbers of source and remote destination are automatically collected.

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Snapshots

Snapshot is an effective method for saving changed and deleted data. Snapshot utilize hardlinks and only changed and deleted data are saved as separate files in a snapshot. Files which are not changed are hardlinks to the original file in the snapshot.

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Signing and notarize the apps

RsyncOSX and RcloneOSX are signed with my Apple ID developer certificate and notarized by Apple. This means both apps are verified and checked for not containing malicious code. It ensures the users that the apps are clean and that they are working together with Apples Gatekeeper technology. A message from Apple is issued when opening either a new or updated application the first time.

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Localization

From version 5.8.6 RsyncOSX and the menu app RsyncOSXsched are prepared for localization. RsyncOSX is translated to Chinese (Simplified) and Norwegian, RsyncOSXsched is translated to Norwegian. Default language for both is English

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Passwordless logins by ssh-keys

If you already have setup ssh utilizing ssh keys there is no need to follow the instructions below. RsyncOSX is depended upon passwordless logins for synchronizing data to remote servers. The instructions below only applies if passwordless login is not setup.

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RsyncOSX config files

RsyncOSX stores its configurations, schedules, log records and user configuration as property list files. There are three kinds of files and all are stored in the Documents/Rsync catalog. RsyncOSX evaluates the computer mac serial number at startup and all files are stored in Documents/Rsync/macserialnumber

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User configuration

There are only a few parameters to choose in user configuration. Configurations are saved to permanent store.

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Executing single tasks

In Execute view (which is the opening view) tasks can be executed as single- and/or batch tasks. Execute single tasks requires a couple of double clicks : one for estimation run and the second for executing the real task. The output from rsync is presented after each run.

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Scheduled task

The menu app to RsyncOSX is responsible for executing scheduled tasks. Adding and deleting scheduled tasks are done within RsyncOSX. By selecting a row and choose schedule applies a scheduled. All schedules is set to start at selected date.

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Rsync daemon setup

It is advised to utilize ssh keys for setup of password less logins for rsync. But it is possible to setup rsync and password less login by utilize a rsync daemon setup.

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RsyncOSX default parameters

RsyncOSX implements default parameters which are working fine for simple synchronize and restore tasks. The actual parameters used in tasks is depended upon executing rsync over network connection or not. Which standard parameters to use is computed during startup of application by reading the configuration file.

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RsyncGUI Changelog

RsyncGUI is compiled with support for macOS El Capitan version 10.11 - macOS Mojave version 10.14. The application is implemented in Swift 5 by using Xcode 10.

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Full restore

A complete or full restore is commenced by selecting the task to restore. The rsync command shows either the --dry-run backup command or the restore command to execute. You might copy the command to a terminal window to check the result of a run. It is a --dry-run only and simulates the real run.

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Execute tasks in Quickbackup

There are two options for executing quick synchronize tasks, either estimate and select or execute directly. In either way RsyncOSX does an estimation run and the numbers to indicate the progress of synchronizing.

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Parameters to rsync

The website LibreByte has written an article 16 Practical examples of the rsync command. One of the examples is instructing rsync to store backups of files in a backup folder and rename old files by a date suffix. Rsync utilizes a ton of parameters. RsyncOSX has only presented a few. Parameters are normally constructed as:

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Menuapp

This is the menu app (RsyncOSXsched.app) for executing scheduled tasks in RsyncOSX. Scheduled tasks are added in RsyncOSX. Quit RsyncOSX and let the menu app take care of executing the scheduled tasks. RsyncOSX does not execute scheduled tasks. Scheduled tasks are only added and deleted in RsyncOSX.

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Logging

Logging in RsyncOSX might be switched on/off in user configuration. All log records are listed in table within Logs tab. The log records are by default sorted with most recent log ontop. Log records can be filtered by text search by selecting the appropriate column. The direction, ascending or descending, is selected by direction of the arrow.

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My DIY NAS

This is a short resume about my do it yourself (DIY) NAS. I do not spend much time building or maintaining my NAS. The main purposes of my NAS are:

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Changelog

I am using the application on a daily basis and it evolves during my own use. Suggestions for new features, enhancements and bug reports are more than welcome. Please add an Issue regarding any requests or bugs. For more information about signing and notarizing of RsyncOSX see the notarized info.

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About bugs and crash

The command line tool rsync is designed to continue where rsync is by any reason, stopped or killed. Users can abort execution of tasks at any time. To continue an aborted task execute the task again and rsync will restart and complete the task. This is also true if a bug in RsyncOSX occurs during execution of a task.

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Automatic backups

The automatic feature of RsyncOSX is triggered by ⌘B shortcut or by select the double arrow. RsyncOSX executes a --dry-run task for all configurations and execute a backup run for all tasks with data to be transferred or files to be deleted.

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Add configurations

Adding configurations are easy. A configuration require minimum Local catalog and Remote catalog. And they should not be equal. After entering information about a configuration select the Add button to add it to RsyncOSX. Continue adding new configurations until completed and configurations are saved to permanent storage after each entry.

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The main viewcontroller

The main viewcontroller contains no logic at all. The only task for the main viewcontroller is to act on whatever the user choose of action. E.g. if the user choose to double click on a row to activate a single task (two step - estimate and execute), the main viewcontroller only create and holds a reference to a Singletask object.

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Documentation of RsyncOSX source

This is some documentation of the design and code of RsyncOSX. The documentation is only a brief summary of some parts of RsyncOSX. The design of RsyncOSX is based upon ideas of the MVC pattern. One of the objectives in MVC is to separate the views and models.

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Parameters

RsyncOSX utilizes the object RsyncParameters.swift to analyze and set whatever parameters to rsync the user sets. There are no check of parameters set for rsync is correct. If the user enters bad parameters RsyncOSX passes bad parameters to rsync.

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Configurations (tasks)

The configurations are read from the permanent storage and kept in memory until a new profile is loaded or RsyncOSX quits. Each record (one task) are read from permanent storage as a NSDictionary item, copied to a Configuration and loaded into an Array<Configuration>.

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